In his article "The One Percent across Two Centuries," economist Richard Sutch includes the following footnote:
The political ideologies on the Republican and Democratic parties switched in the mid-twentieth century. In the nineteenth century, Republicans championed civil rights, social safety nets (pensions), and the primacy of the federal government. The Democrats were the conservative party favoring states' rights and segregation of the races.Does Sutch mean to imply that the modern Republican party favors segregation of the races?
I'm also interested in knowing when exactly this switch occurred. Lots of things happened mid-century, like when Republican Earl Warren led the Supreme Court to a unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, or when Republican Dwight Eisenhower used the National Guard to integrate Little Rock Central High School over the objection of Democrat governor Orval Faubus in 1957, or when the Republican party supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964 more strongly than did the Democrats. The extent to which the Republican party supported racial segregation was a result of transplant Democrats switching parties.